Milan Duomo - a celebrated landmark of architecture, art, and music

  BY Ruslan Telemtaev   12 May 2016

The Duomo Cathedral, named after Santa Maria Nascente, is dedicated to St. Mary of the Nativity. Construction of this gothic cathedral carried out for over six centuries. As of today, it is the fifth largest cathedral in the world and the second largest in Italy, after S. Peter's Basilica in Rome.

In 1386 Antonio da Salyutstso began construction of the cathedral, which coincided with the coming to power of Gian Galeazzo Visconti (Duke of Milan). The first architect of the cathedral was Simone da Orsenigo, who planned to build it in the Lombard Gothic style, but Visconti wanted to follow the new European architectural trends and asked the French engineer, Nicolas de Bonaventure, to add the French Gothic style. In 1402 Visconti died and the construction of the cathedral has stopped.

During the reign of Ludovico Sforza, in the beginning of 16th century, the dome of the temple was built. Its interior was decorated with 15 statues depicting saints, preachers, prophets and other Bible characters.

At the beginning of the 17th century, the foundation for the new facade of Duomo was laid out. In 1762 the Cathedral of Milan acquired one of its prominent parts - Madonna spire with the symbol of Milan that heights at 108.5 meters above the ground. Based on visibility of this spire most Milanese residents determined the weather - if it was seen well, the weather was good.

Only in the beginning of the 19th century facade of the Duomo was finally completed - thanks to Napoleon, who was to be crowned in the cathedral as the King of Italy. The architect, Carlo Pellikani Jr., added to the front some new details as well as the statue of Napoleon on the top of one of the spires. On January 6, 1965, the last gate was opened - it marked the official completion of the Duomo Cathedral in Milan.

The Duomo is closed on Christmas, January 1st, and May 1st. In the remaining days it is free to enter from 7.00 to 19.00. The cost of going up to the rooftop by spiral marble staircase is 7€ or 12€ by lift.

translated by Anastasia Ostapenko